Juglans major, commonly known as the Arizona walnut or Juglans arizonica, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. This tree is valued for both its ornamental features and its edible nuts.
The Arizona walnut's leaves are compound, made up of multiple smaller leaflets that turn a bright yellow color in the fall before dropping to the ground. The tree's bark is dark and deeply furrowed, providing a beautiful texture and visual interest.
In addition to its ornamental value, the Arizona walnut produces edible nuts that are highly valued for their flavor and nutritional content. The nuts are used in a variety of culinary applications, including baked goods, salads, and snack mixes.
The Arizona walnut is known for its hardiness and adaptability, tolerating a wide range of soil types and growing conditions. It is also resistant to many common pests and diseases.
In landscaping, the Arizona walnut is often used as a shade tree or as a specimen tree, where its beautiful form and foliage can be appreciated. It is also an important tree in riparian areas, providing habitat for a variety of wildlife species.
Overall, the Arizona walnut is a beautiful and valuable tree that offers both ornamental and practical benefits.